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Dermatology Disease

Dermatology Disease

Dermatology, Treatment For Skin-related Ailments


Dermatology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnoses, treatment, and management of various diseases and conditions that affect the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. Here is a brief overview of some common dermatological diseases.


  1. Acne:
    A common skin condition characterised by the formation of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts. It usually occurs during adolescence but can affect people of all ages.
  2. Eczema (Dermatitis) :
    Refers to a group of conditions that cause inflammation of the skin, resulting in redness, itching, and rash. Atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis and Seborrheic dermatitis are some common types.
    • Atopic dermatitis:
      It is a condition that causes dry, itchy and inflamed skin. It's common in young children but can occur at any age.
    • Contact dermatitis:
      It is an itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance (or) an allergic reaction to it. The rash isn’t contagious.
    • Seborrheic dermatitis:
      It is a common skin condition that mainly affects your scalp. It Causes scaly patches, inflamed skin and stubborn dandruff. It usually affects oily areas of the body such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest. This condition can be irritating but it's not contagious, and it doesn't cause Permanent hair loss.
  3. Psoriasis:
    A chronic autoimmune disease that causes the rapid buildup of skin cells, resulting in thick, red, scaly patches. It can affect any part of the body and is often accompanied by itching or pain.
  4. Rosacea:
    A chronic skin condition that primarily affects the face, causing redness, flushing, visible blood vessels and sometimes small, red, pus-filled bumps. It may also affect the eyes in some cases.
  5. skin cancer:
    skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells, typically caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (uv) radiation from the sun or artificial sources. The most common types are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
    • Basal cell carcinoma:
      It is a type of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma begins in the basal cells - a type of Cell within the skin that produces new skin cells as old ones die off.
      Basal cell carcinoma often appears as a slightly transparent bump on the skin, though it can take other forms.
    • squamous cell carcinoma:
      It develops in squamous cells," which are the thin, flat cells that make up the outermost layer of your skin. Squamous cells are also found in parts of your body such as your lungs, mucous membranes, digestive tract, and urinary tract.
    • Melanoma:
      This is the most serious type of skin cancer, develops in the cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin - the pigment that gives your skin its colour.
  6. Dermatophyte infections:
    fungal infections of the skin, hair, and nails caused by various species of dermatophyte fungi. Examples include ringworm (tinea corporis), athlete's foot (tinea pedis), and nail fungus (onychomycosis).
  7. Urticaria (Hives):
    characterized by itchy, raised welts on the skin that are usually caused by an allergic reaction They can appear and disappear rapidly may and be triggered by various factors, including medications, foods, or physical stimuli.
  8. vitiligo:
    A condition where the skin loses its pigment resulting in patches of depigmented or white skin. The exact causes is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder.
  9. Herpes:
    caused by the herpes simplex virus, Herpes infections can manifest as oral herpes (cold sores) or genital herpes. They cause fluid-filled blisters that can be Painful and recurrent.
  10. Pruritis (Itching):
    Itching of the skin can be cause by various factors, including dry skin, allergic reactions, skin infections, or underlying systemic diseases. Itching itself is not a disease but rather a symptom of an underlying condition.

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